A year into Abdul Fatah Sisi's assuming presidency in Egypt Human Rights Monitor confirms that the country has seen the worst of its kind with regards to human rights violations. The country has witnessed the most miserable and flagrant abuse of human rights against the Egyptian authority's political opponents seen during the last few decades.
Over the past year in Sisi's rule hundreds of victims fell during protests, peaceful assemblies or as a result of torture practiced against them in Egypt's jails. Medical negligence by police officials of detainees in prisons and harsh sentences including death penalties or life sentences were issued against opposition by military tribunals.
The last year hundreds of enforced abductions of minors, young men and women took place by security. The regime also evacuated thousands from their North Sinai home killing hundreds in the process without legal support. Prisons were appalling and the press suffered immensely with the arbitrary and unjust detention of reporters and journalists took place to prevent them from doing their jobs, covering events and transferring the truth.
Over 130 Egyptian civilians' whereabouts remain unknown to date after they were abducted by security forces since the June 30 events in 2013. An average of 12 victims monthly is abducted. The abducted victims appear much later with evidence of torture ready to confess to fabricated crimes. HRM had documented tens of cases where victims were killed after abduction by state men. During the last 6 months alone 600 cases of enforced disappearances were reported.
With regards to illegal killings of opposition hundreds of opposition fell victims since Sisi came into power. One hundred and thirty cases were recorded in prison and detention centres including 2 cases in military detention centres. Causes of deaths vary including systematic torture, medical neglect in addition to hundreds of unexplained deaths under mysterious circumstances after arrests. Protestors and peaceful gatherings were also targeted.
In general the state of prisons deteriorated and overcrowding was evident with prisoners housing four times their permitted number. The number of political detainees increased greatly and over 40,000 detainees remain behind bars where more than half were arrested during Sisi's rule. The overcrowding prompted authorities to use police stations and military camps as detention centres for civilians.
Political opposition are pursued through politicized hearings which have sentenced tens of life imprisonment sentences. Others have faced military tribunals despite being civilians with rights to be stand before a civil court. Death penalties and sentences of up to decades have been served to thousands of innocent detainees. Others were served in absentia and are pursued and searched for. Others have been forced to flee abroad and have been dismissed from their work while family members are abused in an effort to force the wanted opposition to hand themselves in.
Twenty five politicized cases have upheld sentences of 1700 civilian detainees with 500 cases ratified. HRM has filed complaints to the UN Special Rapporteur on extrajudicial, summary or arbitrary killings, the ANHCR. To date seven sentences have been carried out in two cases with disregard to the law. The first was carried out on March 7, 2015 where Mahmoud Ramada in the Sidi Gaber case was hung. Six other executions in the Arab Sharkas took place where they were accused of crimes committed 4 months after their actual arrest.
The press also faced repression during the last year. More than 60 journalists remain arbitrarily detained and during the last few months harsh sentences were served to some. Fourteen reporters were sentenced to death or life sentence in the Rabaa Operating Room Case and sentences of 10 years to others charged with fabricated accusations were issued. HRM submitted numerous appeals to the UN Special Rapporteur on freedom of expression and the Working Group for Arbitrary detention to intervene and pressure the Egyptian authorities to release the journalists.
In Sinai authorities declared a curfew and a state of emergency on the people at the end of October 2014 and military operations which claimed the lives of 1500 civilians took place. One thousand three hundred civilians were arbitrarily arrested and one thousand others were forced from their homes which were destroyed. Their only fault was being residents of the city where the Egyptian authorities alleged it would combat terrorism. The curfew was renewed in January and once again in April.
The current Egyptian regime has disregarded all national and international laws oppressing civilians in all forms and methods. The judiciary has failed to hold accountable police officials for these crimes against humanity working as a guise to allow these violations against opposition to continue.