Egyptian women played a very important role in changing the political arena. They continue to do so until today. They participated in January 2011 revolution and faced live bullets and birdshots, side to side with men. They suffered the cold-blooded cruelty and sheer brutality of the police who did not differentiate between men and women, until they succeeded in liberating themselves and overthrew former president Mubarak and his dictatorial government. Women continued to suffer human rights violations during the transitional period, under the rule of the Supreme Council of the Armed Forces (SCAF), where they were tortured, dragged on asphalt and had virginity tests performed on them by army personnel.
Following the presidential elections, which brought in Dr Mohamed Morsi as Egypt’s first ever democratically elected civilian president, women continued to play an important role in the social and political life in Egypt, freely and with nothing to fear.
Changes in the lives of Egyptian women occurred again following the coup of 3 July 2013, where once again Egyptian women had all their human rights violated, including the most sacred right, the right to life, in addition to torture in prisons, being dragged on asphalt and beaten to death.
Women between the age of 4 and 83 were indifferently killed in the streets, in their sit-ins and in prisons. They were arrested from streets, their houses and university campuses and tortured in prison, forced to have pregnancy and virginity tests and in some cases sexually harassed and reportedly raped.
Women were also interrogated in police stations and prisons in the absence of legal counsel, and had all their legal and human rights violated.
This report highlights the struggle of Egyptian women in the face of brutal military and police forces for a whole period of 8 months, and their ability to lead their families and fully bear all responsibilities after the loss or arrest of husbands, sons and/or fathers. In this report, Human Rights Monitor (HRM) focuses on highlighting cases of human rights violations committed at the hands of the current Egyptian authorities, and focuses on bringing cases to highlight the violations of the right to freedom of expression, the right to non-discrimination, the right to life, the right to freedom of movement, the right to bodily integrity.
All these violations took place in breach of all international laws and conventions which Egypt has ratified and amount to crimes against humanity.