Egyptian authorities violated Articles 6, 7 and 10 of the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights, which guarantees everyone the right to life. In fact, what has happened is a crime against humanity, in accordance with Article 7 of the Rome Statute, which stipulates that crimes against humanity are any act "whenever committed as part of a widespread or systematic attack directed against any civilian population, with knowledge of the attack 'such as wilful killing, torture' or persecution against any identifiable group or a specific population for political, customary, national, ethnic, cultural or religious reasons".
Egyptian police and security forces have killed 74 women until the time of writing this report, by direct gunshots, in the head, chest and back. Below are some cases detailing the killing of innocent women. These cases were documented by Human Rights Monitor and submitted to the UN Special Rapporteur on Extrajudicial execution.
An elderly woman aged 83, Zainab, was killed with a direct gunshot in the back while protesting in Alexandria. Zainab’s family remains unknown. She was one free woman who chose to participate in all protests in Alexandria calling for the return of democracy, for her rights to be respected, and was a victim of the security forces who continue to kill more women everyday throughout Egypt.
On 23 July 2013 at dawn, security forces and thugs attacked the protesters at Al-Nahda Square killing at least 7 and injuring 43 others.
13 year-old Israa Lotfy was killed inside her tent at dawn while sitting next to her mother by snipers positioned on the roof of the Faculty of Engineering, Cairo University, where the sit-in was.
On 8 July 2013, protesters supporting President Morsi headed to the Republican Guards Club, where they had learnt the abducted President Morsi was being held inside, and decided to organise a sit-in there.
Protesters stayed over and while praying at dawn,
with their back to the Republican Guards, military and security forces attacked
them from the back killing 8 women with their babies and a large number of men.
Habiba Ahmed Abdelaziz, a 26 year old journalist at Emirates' Gulf News newspaper, who was at Rabaa Al-Adaweya sit-in and witnessed the violent forced dispersal. She was filming the shooting and killing of peaceful protesters by snipers and security forces, in order to deliver the truth to the whole world. She was also wearing an Aljazeera badge identifying her as a journalist.
She had been filming when a sniper near at the entrance of Rabaa Al-Adaweya sit-in warned her to leave otherwise he would kill her. She refused, pointing to him that she would keep filming and reporting all ongoing crimes to the world. He responded at once with a direct gunshot in the heart that exited from her back. Habiba has passed away, but her work and struggle to deliver the truth remains with us.
On 14 August 2013, military and security forces used live ammunitions to disperse the sit-in, over two thousand peaceful protesters were killed deliberately with direct gunshots in the head, neck and chest.
Al-Azhar University student Maryam Mohamed, aged 22 at the time of her death, was killed while filming security forces entrance to Rabaa Al-Adaweya Square. She was killed with a direct gunshot in the neck.
At 2:00 AM on 3 January 2013, Security Forces in uniform raided the house of Mrs Mahrousa Badawi Saeed, 62, seeking the arrest of her son Hani, who is a lawyer who defends detainees opposing current authorities.
After searching the house, Security Forces did not find Hani there. They started attacking his mother and wife, beating the mother on her head with rifle butts several times. She started bleeding and lost conscience. They then dragged her on the floor by the collar of her clothes and locked her in a room inside the house, leaving her to bleed until she died.
Security forces threatened Mr Saeed’s wife, who was also beaten and abused by the forces, not to speak or submit any complaint against them, otherwise she and her husband will face the same fate.
Furthermore, while issuing a death certificate for Mrs Ragab, members of the security forces made her family sign agreement that the cause of death had been "Natural".
On 25 January 2014, the third anniversary of the Egyptian revolution, thousands of Egyptians took to the streets marking and celebrating the anniversary of the revolution and calling for the continuation of the revolt until the goals of the revolution are achieved. They chanted slogans from 2011 such as “Bread, Freedom and Dignity”.
Somaya Abdallah, student At Al-Azhar University in Alexandria, aged 20 at the time of her death, was killed with a direct gunshot which went through her stomach to her back.
Somaya, who lived and died in Alexandria, had expected the day before that she might be killed due to the excessive use of force by the security forces and military. Therefore she wrote her will and left a farewell message to her mother.
On Thursday 30 January 2014, while visiting her detained husband Mr Belal Mohamed Ahmed in Borg Al-Arab Prison in Alexandria, a dispute arose between the wife and one of the security guards which resulted in him killing her by shooting her directly in the chest.
The lawyer who was accompanying her was also injured and is in a critical condition in prison.