Egypt ratified the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights which guaranteed in Articles 9 and 14 the right to liberty and security and the right to a speedy and fair trial. However, 22000 Egyptian citizens have been arbitrarily arrested and detained in prison since 3 July 2013.
1500 women have been arrested from home or the street and detained for various reasons, including protesting, possessing a yellow balloon, wearing Rabaa badge, walking in the street, having an exam in university, etc.
Maria Al-Metwally Samaha is a 14 year old student. On 18 December 2013 Maria was arrested from the street while going to attend classes. She was arrested by three civilians who kept her in an unknown place for three hours then sent her to Menyat Al-Nasr Police Station and made her sign a confession after convincing her that the documents were for her release.
Following this, she was transferred to prison and remained as a minor with adults and in the same cell with criminals in violation of international as well as Egyptian laws.
Maria remained in prison until she was finally released on bail on 8 February 2014.
On 24 December 2014, after finishing school, Ola Tarek was with a friend at a shopping mall, at 5pm. They were still in their school uniform. The mall was in an area surrounding Al-Hossary Square where there had been protests that day. Ola and her friend got arrested from the mall and taken to a police station. Ola was accused of affiliation with a banned organization, carrying a notebook with chants against the ruling regime, and wearing a black 15 cm-long removable sleeve. During her detainment she wrote chants against the regime so they added “defaming authorities” to the list of accusations. While detained, Ola was beaten by police officers. When she appeared before prosecutors, she denied all false charges brought against her. She received 15 days detention for the first case and acquitted of the defamation case.
After the 15 days were over she was transferred to the Giza Punishment Institution although it was only for minors under charges. Again she was put with criminals. She received a release order; but the prosecutor appealed the decision; and she remains in detention to date.
Mrs Sanaa Abdel-Gawwad is the wife of Dr Mohamed El-Beltagy, former MP and member of the National Council for Human Rights who is currently detained at Al-Aqrab Prison. Dr Beltagy got arrested following the coup and the violent dispersal of Rabaa Al-Adaweya sit-in.
while visiting her husband, she said to one of the prison guards “I won’t forgive you for what you do to my husband”. They brought a woman police officer and searched her body in a humiliating way and ordered her detention along with her son who was accompanying her in the visit. She was beaten, dragged on the floor and finally released after several hours of detention.
On 1 January 2014, at 3:00am, security forces in uniform raided the house of Mrs El-Shami and arrested her along with three of her children without an arrest warrant being shown. They were all taken to New Cairo II Police Station where they were interrogated. The three children were released next day in the afternoon after interrogation, while Mrs El-Shami remained in detention at the police station after the police interrogated her. On Friday 3 January 2014, she was interrogated by prosecution at the police station and charged her with affiliation to a banned group, inciting riots and protests and writing on the walls of buildings and schools.
The prosecution ordered her detention pending investigation for further 15 days. They confiscated her mobile and her daughter’s laptop. Mrs El-Shami remained in detention pending investigations.
Mrs El-Shami remained in the New Cairo II Police Station since her arrest on 1 January 2014 until 23 January 2014 during which the prosecution ordered her transfer to Al-Qanater Prison. She was finally released on bail on 4 March 2014.
In October 2013, security forces arrested 14 girls, including 7 minors while protesting against the coup in front of the Corniche of Alexandria.
The Alexandria Court sentenced them to 11 years imprisonment and ordered the detention of the minor girls in a care home indefinitely on charges of assembly, thuggery and resisting authorities.
The girls remained in detention until 7 December 2013, after the Appeal Court ordered their detention on bail for a year and acquitted the minor girls.
On 12 January 2014, female protests from Al-Azhar university were shot with live ammunition, birdshot and tear-gas canisters, resulting in serious injury to Jasmine Nabil, a Faculty of Humanities student.
On the same day, security forces arrested four of the students and their charges were: blocking roads, covering their faces, hurling stones at security forces, terrorising security forces and residents of the area.
The students were accused of attempting to murder the student Jasmine Nabil, although records showed that the students were arrested around 12.30 PM while Jasmine was injured at 2.30 PM.
The students have been taken to the 2nd police station of Nasr City and then transferred to Al-Qanater prison.