Although Egypt ratified the Convention against Torture, torture in prison is at its highest levels, especially against women and minors in detention. It ranges from ill treatment to torture causing disability, sexual harassment and rape.
Amani Hassan is a housewife and a mother of two. Amani was arrested from Ramses square on 18 August 2014, two days after the forced dispersal of Rabaa Al-Adaweya.
She was arrested and charged with possession of weapons, to which Amani objected. Police officers started beating her ruthlessly until she lost consciousness.
Her torture continued as they burnt her body
with cigarettes and electrocuted her until she became paralyzed. The healthy
athletic Amani Hassan left Al-Qanater prison in a wheelchair.
On 12 November 2013 security forces attacked demonstrators who were protesting near Al-Shohadaa Underground Station in Cairo. Miss Gehad El-Khayat was not protesting; but she simply raised her hand with a sign of solidarity to the protesters.
Security forces attacked her, dragged her on asphalt and brutally beat her up until she fainted; then they arrested her.
On 23 December 2013 the prosecution ordered her transfer to Qanater Prison. Although she was a minor, she was detained with adult criminal prisoners in violation of the Egyptian as well as the international law which prohibits the detention of minors in same cells with adult criminals and also prohibits the detention of defendants with those who have been convicted by the court.
On 24 December 2013, her family went to visit her in Qanater Prison to find out the reason for her absence to the investigations. The head of prison guards informed the family that Miss El-Khayat has fallen of her bed and she suffers minor injuries in her hands and legs, therefore she has been transferred to the prison’s hospital.
Her family went to see her in the prison’s hospital where they found her surrounded by heavy security guards. Her hand was broken and her face was full of big bruises as well as a deep injury in her jaw and her whole face was swollen. They also found that her left leg was broken near the thigh and she was unable to move and had to use a catheter. She was also unable to speak due to the injury in her jaw.
On 11 January 2014, she was finally released.
In addition to torture and ill-treatment in prisons and places of detention, girls and women have been subject to sexual harassments in prisons at the hands of police officers and prison guards. Detainees such as Al-Azhar students underwent body search and strip search. They stated that officers covered the detained girls' faces, so they did not know who was conducting the search, whether they were male or female.
Furhtermore, released girls stated that they underwent pregnancy tests in prisons, while married women absurdly underwent virginity tests.