"the Prosecutor may initiate an investigation on her own initiative or upon request from a State Party."
The United Nations Security Council could also refer a case in which one or more of the offenses set forth in the Rome Statute of the ICC were committed.
Human Rights Monitor (HRM) monitored systematic crimes committed by the Egyptian authorities over the past six years, many of which amounted to a crime against humanity, such as systematic torture, widespread enforced disappearance, and murder of a particular group, as well as genocide. according to Article VI of the Rome Statute Of the International Criminal Court: any of the following acts committed with the intent to destroy a national, ethnic, racial or religious group as such, in whole or in part: (a) The killing of members of the group; (b) Serious bodily or mental harm to members of the group; (C) deliberately subjecting the group to living conditions D by the actual depreciated in whole or in part.
The organization has monitored the Egyptian authorities attempt to eliminate the Egyptian opposition, including the Muslim Brotherhood, the largest opposition groups in Egypt; by killing its members and supporters in demonstrations or peaceful gatherings, such as the dispersal of the peaceful sit-ins in al-Nahda and Rebaa al-Adawiya on August 14, 2013, as well as previous and subsequent bloody demonstrations and events that resulted in the deaths of more than 2000 Egyptian citizens of various intellectual orientations.
In addition to the wide arrests of members of the group and other activists, political opponents, journalists and intellectuals, and placing them in harsh prison conditions, subjecting them to enforced disappearance and subjecting them to physical and psychological torture with the aim of ending them.
The second offense committed by the Egyptian authorities is provided for in article 7 of the Rome Statute: "Any of the following acts constitutes a" crime against humanity "when committed in the context of a widespread or systematic attacks directed against any civilian population, Murder; extermination; removal of population or forcible transfer of population; imprisonment or other severe deprivation of physical liberty, Torture, rape, persecution of any specific group or group of people on political, racial, national, ethnic, cultural or religious grounds, enforced disappearance of persons).
HRM has monitored and documented the crimes listed above, which amounts to being crimes against humanity punishable under international law, being committed by the Egyptian authorities which have committed premeditated murder of a large number of citizens, of whom 1182 were killed in the armed dispersal of Al-Nahda and Rabia Al-Adaweya sit-ins, including the killing of women and children, in addition to killing more than 750 detainees in places of detention, of whom than 550 died as a result of
deliberate medical negligence, while the rest of torture and placing them in poor detention conditions leading to their death.
In addition to issuing a large number of death sentences issued from unfair politicized trials, which resulted in the execution of 45
civilians, some of them proved innocence after their execution, while 83 others are still waiting for the implementation of the death
sentences which were issued due to the complete absence of justice in Egypt.
In Sinai, the Egyptian authorities killed a large number of Sinai residents, who numbered more than four thousand citizens, some of whom the authorities have officially announced killing them randomly.
Not only did the authorities kill them, but they also displaced thousands of families living in Sinai, demolished their homes and evicted them from their homes without providing them with an alternative shelter. This is also considered a crime against humanity.
In addition to systematic and deliberate killings, the Egyptian authorities have arrested more than 60 thousand detainees - while there are secret detention centers and central security camps that do not allow us to know the number of detainees inside - including women and children. All these people are being denied arbitrarily of their freedoms and have charges fabricated against them in unfair civil and political trials.
During these six years, the authorities violated all the detainees' rights stipulated in the Standard Minimum Rules for the Treatment of Prisoners- Nelson Mandela Rules. They placed the detainees in solitary confinement for many years, including former president Mohamed Morsi, who was held incommunicado and isolated from the outside world for almost 6 years, until he died inside the courtroom on June 17, where he was left unconscious for thirty minutes without medical care. The judges prevented the detained doctors from trying to rescue him until he died in front of them. This is considered a deliberate murder due to medical negligence.
In addition to this, detainees are subjected to enforced disappearances, sometimes months and sometimes years, during which they encounter various forms of torture from physical torture that cannot be tolerated, to mental and psychological torture, which often leads to insanity and psychological imbalance. Detainees are also being prevented from communicating with their lawyers, families or from sports and required medical care.
A number of girls have been subjected to rape, sexual harassment and threats of rape by prison officers and prison guards. Several organizations have submitted communications to the United Nations in this regard. Detained men have also been threatened to rape their relatives to force them to confess to charges they have not committed
The political opponents in Egypt are being harassed both inside and outside Egypt. They are dismissed from their work and study, banned from traveling, placed on terrorist lists, their money and belongings confiscated and subjected to prosecution and defamed at all levels using the state media. The Egyptian authorities deliberately harm anyone who opposes them. They pursue the opposition internationally through Interpol and fabricate charges against them with the aim of tarnishing their reputations.
Since it is the duty of each state to exercise its criminal jurisdiction over those responsible for international crimes and to put an end to the impunity perpetrators of these crimes enjoy, and in light of all the above, and in light of all the widespread systematic violations that make the state's practices against its citizens amount to crimes against humanity, Human Rights Monitor calls for an urgent investigation into these systematic practices, which lasted for six years amid the absence of any international monitoring or accountability and amid the impunity the perpetrators enjoy in Egypt which encourages further crimes being committed against innocent people.
HRM calls on the international community, which calls for the respect for human rights, to take the necessary measures to hold those perpetrators accountable, bring them to justice, put an end to these practices and compensate the victims.