Egypt has continued to violate the rights of thousands of Egyptian citizens and has used different methods of killing them; killing by torture, death penalty and through deliberate medical negligence. The last victim of deliberate medical negligence in Egyptian prisons was former Egyptian President Mohamed Morsi, who was denied the required and immediate medical care resulting in his death inside the courtroom. Human Rights Monitor fears that the rest of the detainees in Egypt will face the same fate as murder by medical negligence has become a systematic method used by the Egyptian authorities to kill their opponents. This is done via deprivation of treatment and leaving detainees in bad prison conditions which results in losing their basic right to life.
Dr. Mohamed Morsi, first democratically elected civilian president in the history of Egypt, died on Monday 17 June 2019. Morsi ruled Egypt for only one year before the army staged a military coup led by then-General "Abdel Fattah Sisi" and arrested him with his presidential team on 3 July 2013. His detention to continue for six years; during which many of his legal and human rights were violated. In particular, he faced deliberate medical negligence, which is likely to be the main cause of his death.
The former president Mohamed Morsi, 68, died while attending the trial session in the case of "Communications with Qatar" before the Cairo Criminal Court, where he spoke for five minutes to before the judges decided to hold the session. Morsi then lost conscience and he never got up. The court denied detained doctors from assisting him and did not provide him with the necessary medical care and left him in his coma for thirty minutes. Later on, the Egyptian television announced that he had died of a heart attack, and the Attorney-General said that Morsi was transferred to the hospital, but arrived dead.
Before his death, Morsi requested to meet with his defense team, which he had not met for three years and to be allowed to follow with them what they were doing in his own cases, and to exercise his natural right to know the details of his cases, despite the fact that he was being arbitrary detained.
"I am absent/ present, I do not see the court and judges do not see me", Morsi said. "I do not see my defense team, I do not hear them or talk to them for years.", as he was placed in a glass cage from which he could not see the judges, lawyers or communicate with anyone, which constitute a serious violation to the right to a fair and public trial.
It is noteworthy that harsh sentences were issued against Morsi -after the fabrication of the charges against him and while no evidence was provided to the court. These sentences ranged from life imprisonment and death sentences in trials that lacked the minimum standards of a fair trial.
Morsi was subjected to numerous violations during his detention until his death, starting with being subjected to enforced disappearance for four months, then being held in solitary confinement and completely isolated from the outside world or even inside the prison. He was denied medical care, which seriously resulted in the deterioration of his health. Morsi also stated several times before judges that he was being killed in his prison, however, no investigations were made into this.
In November 2017, Morsi spoke to the court about his harsh conditions of detention and that he was constantly fainted due to low blood pressure, kidney disease and diabetes, which led to the deterioration of vision to the point of losing his eyesight. He also suffered severe bone pain as a result of sleeping directly on the cement floor which is too harsh and too cold.
During his last trial, Morsi stated again to the court that he had fainted twice in one week, however, the court did not comment. He told the judges during court sessions that he was being killed and served food “that could lead to disaster” and that he is being threatened in his cell, but again no investigation into his statements was carried out.
Morsi, who was arbitrarily detained for political reasons was denied form the right to communicate with his family or receive food or medicine from them. He was allowed to receive visits from his family only three times over the course of six years of illegal detention.
It is noteworthy that the detainees in the prison of the MolhakAl-Mazraa are being denied visitations for two years.
In addition to the previous abuse of Morsy and his family at the hands of the Egyptian authorities; two of his sons were arrested: "Abdullah", and "Osama" member of the defense committee, who remains in detention until now.
The Public Prosecution has dissected the body of Morsi and decided that there is no apparent effect of an injury. The Prosecution also ordered his burial to take place at dawn the next day, under strict security guard. Nobody was allowed to attend his funeral apart from his small family and his lawyer.
The prosecution also made a reservation on the surveillance cameras and Morsi's trial was not broadcasted on air, despite the presence of the television cameras which recorded the trial.
A committee of members of the British House of Commons was formed at the request of the Morsi’s family in March last year. The committee submitted a request to the Egyptian government to be allowed to visit Morsi in his prison to check out his health conditions and the conditions of his detention, but their request was not answered. The committee issued its report based on the provided information from his family, doctors, and his defense committee, warning that Morsi may be killed as a result of deliberate medical negligence. The committee also held the authorities responsible for his health and life.
In 2013, the UN Working Group on Arbitrary Detention issued its opinions stating that Dr. Mohamed Morsi and his presidential team should be released immediately; since their arrest and detention was arbitrary and violated the law, but the Egyptian authorities did not respond to the decision and completely ignored it and continues to detain them to date.
In spite of the various appeals submitted to the Egyptian authorities from various international bodies, human rights organizations and state reports monitoring the human rights situation in Egypt, all of which demanded the release of all political detainees, the current authorities have not responded and day after day, detainees in Egypt continue to be killed in prisons, the last of them was the former president Dr. Mohamed Morsi who died yesterday.
Egypt has signed numerous human rights conventions and has breached it all. The number of those who have been killed in prisons outside the law, is nearly 800 citizens since 2013, amid complete impunity and absence of law.
Human Rights Monitor holds the Egyptian authorities fully responsible for the lives of those who died inside prisons due to medical negligence, torture and extrajudicial executions in trials that lacked justice. The organization submitted an urgent action to the UN Special Rapporteur on the Summary and Extrajudicial Execution calling on her to order the investigation into Morsi’s death. HRM also calls on the international community to take the necessary actions to put an end to these violations which are taking place under their nose and to form a fact-finding mission to document the violations of human rights committed at the hands of the Egyptian authorities. HRM also calls for the prosecution of the perpetrators of all the crimes committed in Egypt by the officials in the interior and the judiciary systems.